Chinese entrepreneurs increasingly start businesses in Africa, even though it is one of the poorest continents in the world. This research aims to find out the reasons and the motivations for Chinese entrepreneurship start-ups in Africa. According to previous study, a model is developed. This model contains economic and social motivations. Through a qualitative research by conducting interviews with Chinese entrepreneurs in Dar es Salaam, we found out that both economic and social motivations intrigue Chinese entrepreneurs to start business in Africa.