The subject of this study is collective empowerment in a mobile biodiesel project in Indonesia. Four perspectives are discussed in the literature review. That is, the basic needs perspectives, the human capital perspective, the local institutional perspective and the capability of the collective to manage their own needs with the help of access to other people or networks. Lastly, the decentralization perspectives deals with the degree of power local people have to make their own decision. It is concluded that the mobile biodiesel can be implemented successfully, however decentralization and local institutional aspects are found to cause problems.