de Windt, The Synergy between Social Entrepreneurship, Community Empowerment and Social Capital for the Local Economic Development of the smallholder rubber culture in Central Kalimantan.

Community empowerment is increased by a good relationship between governmental and non-governmental institutions and the local community. This relationship is influenced by the amount of social capital. Community empowerment, together with a high amount of social capital, can lead to more local economic development.

Van Kammen, How to Achieve Successful GCL Empowerment in Poor, Rural Areas.

The subject of this study is collective empowerment in a mobile biodiesel project in Indonesia. Four perspectives are discussed in the literature review. That is, the basic needs perspectives, the human capital perspective, the local institutional perspective and the capability of the collective to manage their own needs with the help of access to other …